Duration of the appointment as guardian
The appointment may be for a fixed term (e.g. two years) or for an indefinite period of time.
The guardianship judge may decide, even before the expiry of the term, to revoke the appointment if the original conditions for the protective measure are no longer valid, or to extend the term in the event that the beneficiary is still unable to look after his/her own affairs (Article 413 of the Italian Civil Code).
Non-acceptance and replacement of the guardian
If the guardian is a relative, the appointment shall be made without any time limit. If, on the other hand, the guardian is a third party, he/she is not required to continue in the appointment beyond 10 years.
In any case, the judge may release the guardian, either ex officio or at the party's request, when the appointment becomes too burdensome or is a permanent and ongoing hindrance and it is possible to replace him/her, or when the guardian is found to be unsuitable or non-complying.
Only in certain cases under the law or for serious encumbrances may the guardian refuse to accept or carry out the appointment.
Examples of such situations that may be excused include people over 60
years of age, individuals with more than three minor children to care for, or a person with more than one guardianship responsibility.
for discontinuance of the appointment as guardian